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We’re All Africans


There’s no point describing a person as being of African descent — that’s describing the entire human race.

– Xenocrates

Y Chromosome Migration PatternsY Chromosome Migration map of the last 70,000 years. © 2008; Scientific American

Every time I hear people refer to black folk as “people of African descent”, I chuckle a little bit inside. What’s even more amusing is the common practice of referring to white folk as people of North Eastern European descent. Both expressions are largely incorrect. The research of the Human Genome project over the last 20 years has proven in fact that we are all Africans.

What I’m talking about is the now widely accepted “Out of Africa” model which describes how humans migrated out of Africa over the last 4 million years or so, creating the many genetic mutations over time that we understand as phenotypes. These phenotypes are what older German scientists first classified as “race”. The process creating these races is fascinating.

Genetic Morphology

DNA molecules as we understand them are the building blocks of life. What most people don’t know is that DNA is incredibly fluid. In fact, the adage “nature always finds a way” is the likely the perfect description of what DNA actually is. So long as the proteins that create DNA are able to bond and replicate, then life is possible, irrespective of the environment it is found.

In fact, the humanoid shape is a direct function of the unique parameters that make up our environment. We have long thought that life in extreme environments with temperatures at either of the far ends of the scale would be impossible — and yet life was discovered in these environments. DNA adapted shapes that thrived brilliantly in these extreme environments.

 

The Barreleye Fish

Extreme Adaptation — The "Barreleye Fish" is an extreme example of nature's adaptive capability. This aquatic curiosity lives at depths (About 5,000 feet) where light cannot penetrate. This is how nature makes up for that deficit.

This means that technically, if we can find life in the molten heart of a volcano, or at 5,000 feet beneath the ocean in pitch darkness where the oceanic pressures would crush a human being, or in the frozen tundras of the poles, then life could be found anywhere. This is why scientists have since revised their expectations of where life could be and how it would look.

DNA not only works this way between species, but within species as well. While the Human Genome project traced remains from Y Chromosome carriers over the face of the earth, they quickly noticed that a pattern emerged. As the Y chromosome mutated with each migratory group, they noticed a simple cause and effect that if traced backwards, led to one continent:

Africa

Not only did this confirm what many Afro-centrists had long known, but it says a great deal about what the original human phenotype likely looked like. Further research has now also confirmed that much of our traditional understanding of human phenotypes was incorrect. While we know that most of the existing phenotypes didn’t exist then, we were all dark folk.

Virtually every film about ancient African kingdoms featuring Caucasian actors is not only wildly inaccurate, but it propagates a common misconception that German scientists helped to propagate in the early days of World War II. Not only were they wrong about Caucasians being the master race, but they could not have known that they were also the youngest race.

Recently, gene scientists have discovered that all Caucasians and Asians share about 4% of their DNA with Neanderthals (before they were replaced by modern humans). This might explain some of the many mutations that appeared in this group, perhaps most notable of which appear to be physiological and behavioural (affecting even their brain development).

While the Caucasian race was likely among the last human phenotypes to appear on the face of the earth (roughly 20,000 years ago), they have also featured the most genetic mutations of all the others. This is probably a major contributing factor to why most of today’s advanced civilizations are largely dominated by Caucasians — but it speaks to a much larger curiosity.

Gene scientists have also noted that the vast number of genetic mutations among Eurasians indicates that each member of this broad phenotype is more different from each other than than they were from the original Africans. This means that there is far more genetic diversity among Africans than there is among Eurasians, who are still descendants of original Africans.

This discovery is consistent with evolutionary theory where simpler life becomes more and more complex. The evolution also means that as life becomes more complex, it becomes more specialized. As it became more specialized, the number of mutations increased. Therefore, as humans moved further and further away from Africa, these mutations only increased greatly.

This not only explains the many differences between Eurasians and Africans, but also why it is possible that Eurasians evolved out of Africans. In fact, it’s commonly said in jest among these biological circles that two white men who are brothers are far more genetically different from each other than they are from a black man. While this isn’t true, there is truth to the joke.

In reality, because of their universal genetic diversity, black people are far more genetically identical to virtually every other human being of any other phenotype, than members of any given phenotype are from each other. This means that about 100,000 years ago, we were all mostly black people until we became genetically distilled through generations of migration.

The group of Africans that migrated to the north west, interbred with Neanderthals who had migrated out of Africa eons earlier for roughly 10,000 years. This likely started off a vast chain reaction that may have produced many of the physiological and perhaps even psychological differences separating modern Europeans and Asians from today’s direct African descendants.

The Origin of Races

With that said, it would be useful to examine exactly how each human phenotype was born. The Human Genome Project published the entirety of their findings, showing exactly how each human phenotype was formed as migration continued out of Africa. The results are absolutely intriguing — although they had to be very tacit in how they handled the results. For people have a natural talent for using scientific discovery to forward rather pernicious social agendas.

Before we continue, I invite you to examine the diagram at the outset of this post showing the migration patterns of modern humans over the last 70,000 years. Scientists examined the genetic remains of these early modern humans and mapped the Y Chromosome variations over the various routes that were taken out of Africa, then subsequently around the world.

Out of Africa - Africans, Caucasians

The fist part of a much larger diagram of the Out of Africa model featuring the migration patterns that produced Africans and the early ancestors of Caucasians.

I’ll be examining the Out of Africa model in three parts, showing how each human phenotype eventually came to be. You can see the same diagram in its full unified form by clicking here.

It is important to note that migrations were a repetitive process, with several groups taking the same routes repeatedly. This meant that each migratory group may have been replaced by newer ones. This is how the earlier versions of man (such as Neanderthals and Sapiens) were replaced by modern humans. It is also important to note that the scope of this post is limited to the migration of modern humans. All older phenotypes have long since gone extinct.

Finally, it is important to note that human migration didn’t occur until after the last ice age began some 80,000 years ago. It was not until 10,000 years ago after the ice age ended, that most of record human civilization began to emerge. In fact, it was only during the last 20,000 years that the current revision of modern human phenotypes finally started to evolve.

The African Race

Africa from South to North

These photographs show women from four distinct African tribes. From left to right, they are located from the south to the north of Africa. Notice the gradual fairing of the phenotype as we progress north.

The original Africans are considered the root of all other phenotypes. The earliest remains of modern humans were discovered in south western Ethiopia. They have been carbon dated to some 195,000 years ago. They first migrated out of this region some 70,000 years ago into the regions we now know as the Sudan, Eritrea, Somalia and the southern states of Africa.

During these early migrations, vast phenotypic changes occurred in early sub-Saharan Africa. These differences can be observed in the various tribes of the continent. From the old Khoisan bushmen with their distinctive facial features to the west African Yoruba tribes which became the modern day African American and Caribbean nationals, Africa packed quite a vast variety.

As some groups migrated north west through Eritrea, Sudan and Egypt, long before these areas became desert epitomes, softer phenotypes began to emerge in the skin and hair. Some of the changes that occurred produced fairer skinned folk that more closely resembled today’s Arabs as they migrated across the Saharan plains into the fertile lands of Egypt, Libya and Algeria. The milder environments produced softer phenotypes in this area, culminating in:

The Middle Eastern (Caucasian) Races

 

From Africa To The Middle East

As we progress further north, notice the small changes in the African phenotype as we sample people further north of Ethiopia, into the Middle-East, slowly adding traits defining the Caucasian phenotype.

While this north western migration occurred, an even earlier migratory group became the first to exit Africa by the narrow water channel we now know as the Red Sea, crossing into what is now Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Quatar, Iraq, Syria, Jordan and Israel. This migration north west continued to produce softer, fairer phenotypic patterns over time that created today’s Arabs.

While the north eastern African migrants eventually established the great Kingdoms of Egypt, the settlers across the Red Sea are the ones that first produced great kingdoms such as the Sumerian, Akkadian, Babylonian and Assyrian empires respectively. The Sumerians were the first to articulate the modern systems of law, governance, legislature and agriculture. As they were the first to lay seeds of civilisation, this laid the foundation for subsequent kingdoms.

More importantly, as these kingdoms (now modern day Iraq) become the the first to establish the roots for cultural and intellectual development, the rise and fall of subsequent kingdoms in this region saw a progressive migration to the north east. The northern migration continued to produce even fairer phenotypes as man ventured into the colder regions farther north.

Even so, as they moved northeast, migratory groups broke apart, with some of them heading northwest into what is now Europe. The remainder continued their trek deeper into the east. There were already neanderthal tribes inhabiting these areas. The last ice age was still in full swing. Some interbreeding occurred between modern humans and neanderthals at this point.

After many generations and about 30,000 years, Neanderthals went extinct before the last ice age was out. Before modern man moved deeper into Iran, Afghanistan and India, he had spent much of his time in the valley region between modern Russia and Iran between the Black and Caspian Seas. This area is now modern day Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan.

This region between Russia and Iran (called the Caucasus Region) had humans settling there that eventually became separated from the rest of humanity by the mountains surrounding the valley. Generations of interbreeding within this closed off area eventually started to produce a relatively rapid sequence of mutations within this group. This eventually produced:

The White Caucasian Race

 

From the Middle East to Caucasus

The White Caucasian Phenotype emerges from left to right through small changes to the Middle Eastern phenotype as man migrates from Saudi Arabia, through Afghanistan, Georgia and Russia.

Through a process now known as Natural Selection by Genetic innovation, the humans which first mutated with the genetic markers that produced white skin, brown hair and green or blue eyes eventually replaced all other human phenotypes in the Caucasus region. They looked a lot more like their Syrian brethren to the southeast before the mutations occurred.

This group eventually split into two general directions migrating northeast into what is now Russia and northwest, into what is now the Ukraine, Belarus, Poland, Germany, Czech Republic and Romania. Those who migrated north into Finland, Norway and Sweden developed even more phenotypic mutations, carrying some of the genetic markers of their Neanderthal forefathers producing taller humans, with even fairer skin and blonde hair.

Now there was already a group of slightly darker skinned Caucasians migrating into what is now Turkey and Syria into what is now Bulgaria, Albania and Greece. Generations of warfare between the slightly more advanced Caucasians coming in from the north, tamed the earlier Cro-Magnon tribes, eventually transforming all of Europe into a White Caucasian continent.

While Europe transformed, the groups that continued to migrate southeast of Caucasus never stayed around for the mutations to take hold. They continued to take with them smaller and smaller subsets of the Caucasian markers, becoming more and more specialized along the way. As they moved south into the Indian subcontinent, they produced a new phenotype:

The East Indian / Indonesian Races

 

From Caucasus to Indonesia

The Caucasian DNA travels southeast through India and across the ocean to Indonesia where it slowly changes shape yet again. A similar change is happening further north on the continental mainland.

From the Migration map, it becomes clear that the same Caucasian DNA that produced the Mesopotamian ethnicities of the middle east was passed along to the south east during group migration. This eventually culminated in the Dravidian tribes that gave us the modern groups inhabiting this region, namely the Indians, Sri Lankans, Bangladeshis and Pakistanis.

This is also why in India, you will find a broad range of distinct phenotypes from fairer skinned northern ethnic groups that look more like white Caucasians to the darker skinned groups that occupy much of the rest of the Indian sub continent. These populations were also fed by some groups migrating east across the Indian Ocean from what is now Yemen and Oman.

Their DNA passed south into Indonesia and Northern Australia, eventually becoming the seed for primitive Australian groups like the Aborigines. This is why the peoples of this region are typically classed together anthropologically, as they share many of the same genetic markers. The rest continued east, creating a derivative phenotype of the Han-Chinese genetic markers of the north, populating what is now modern day Myanmar, Cambodia and The Philippines.

The easterly migration from Caucasus was three pronged. Those who went south evolved into today’s modern Sanskrit peoples. Those who crossed the Indian ocean populated Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, Micronesia and the remaining Oceania archipelagos. However, most of the Caucasus migratory group continued northeast along the continent, becoming:

The Eurasian Races

Out of Africa - Asia, Indonesia, Australia, Oceana

The groups that left Georgia developed a number of Slavic languages as they continued to migrate northwest into the coniferous forests of Germany and east into the Siberian tundras. These Slavic Caucasians are what produced today’s Czechs, Slovaks, Ukrainians, Russians and Montenegrin citizens. They are distinct from West European Caucasians, in that they carry more of the robust Neanderthal DNA markers, producing a rather tall and fair people.

South of Russia, there was little or no mixing of the DNA markers. Several thousand years of separation from the rest of humanity created a phenotype that was excellently suited for the higher, colder more mountainous regions of the orient. This phenotype evolved into a people that lost much of the Caucasian DNA markers, becoming stripped down to the essentials that produced more fat around the eyes and straighter more refined hair to suit the cold environs:

The Oriental People

 

People of Asia

The same changes to the Caucasian DNA that started in Indonesia also occurred almost simultaneously on the Asian continent, producing the Han Chinese, their Japanese, Korean and other descendants.

While there are many derivatives of the Han Chinese DNA marker (namely the Mongolians, Koreans, Thai, Vietnamese and Japanese descendants) these groups only differed from the Han Chinese marker insubstantially. The key determinant to how these markers were spread had more to do with political upheaval than natural migration. Eventually, this marker became a strong determinant in this region, spreading northeast across the Bering Strait ice bridge.

Out of Africa (3 of 3)

After crossing into North America, this single Asian marker changed very little. In fact, if you were to travel through the sub arctic communities of the North West Passage, you will find a set of indigenous tribes living there that have a remarkable resemblance to Han Chinese. Once called Eskimos, they have since resigned that pejorative name and are now known as:

The Inuit

The first of these Paleo-Eskimo cultures, commonly referred to as the Thule culture were the ancestors of a breed of Han-Chinese descendants known as today’s Inuit. While they have since settled the arctic territories in Russian Siberia, Alaska, Canada and Greenland, they are more well known on Baffin Island in towns like Iglulik and on Victoria Island in a remote town called Ikaluktutiak. These days, they have exchanged their igloos for more modern comforts.

The Inuit are more genetically similar to Mongolians than Han Chinese, even though the larger portion of their DNA is no different from their Han Chinese ancestors. However, it is these people who will become the ancestors of every native tribe that continued to migrate further south through Canada, producing the Mississauga Indians, and other North American tribes.

Indians of the Americas

 

From Asia To Native America

As the Asian DNA migrates across to North America, it produces a series of changes that gave us the Inuit, the many tribes of native Americans like the Apache and Central Americans like the Maya. Notice how the phenotype changes slightly as the Asian DNA is carried south through America.

As modern man migrated further south, the Han Chinese Y chromosome marker became more distilled, evolving into what is now known as the Amerindian gene stock. During the southern migration, hundreds of distinct cultures were spawned along the way that largely shared the same appearance. These included (among others) the Apache, Navaho and Cheyenne tribes of North America, and the Toltec, Aztec and Mayan civilizations dominating Central America.

Migration continued deep into South America, with some groups migrating east across the Caribbean islands, producing indigenous tribes such as the Carib and Arawaks. Others formed South American tribes such as the Inca. Many of these indigenous tribes still exist today, with Peru, Mexico, Bolivia, Guatemala, and Ecuador sharing the lion’s share of their populations.

Long after the Europeans crossed the Atlantic and plundered these ancient civilizations, they began to interbreed with these indigenous tribes eventually producing the newest of all major phenotypes. They are a people that have had much of their Amerindian DNA replaced by markers from the European invaders. Over several generations of breeding, this created:

The Latin / Hispanic Race

While the word “Hispanic” actually refers to a collective of cultures that largely share similar idiosyncrasies, contextually, we also understand the meaning of the word to refer to the brown skinned folk of Central and South America. Latin refers to the root of the Spanish language imposed upon these people, although most South Americans are not Latin in origin.

There is still a significant number of White Caucasians among these people. They are the direct descendants of their Spanish forefathers who crossed the Atlantic. However, the large majority of their countrymen are products of a marriage between distant descendants of the many indigenous tribes carrying the now European modified Amerindian genetic markers.

The Community Delusion

If you poll the elders of any group that has migrated and settled in their respective corners around the world, you will find that most of them subscribe to a religious myth that suggests their gods placed them there and that their world began in that location. The pioneers of each migratory group would have died long before, losing the history of how they even got there.

The generations that followed would then, as is human instinct to do, created a religious myth that explains their causality and their home in curious detail. It’s curious, because all of these flavours of man are related to each other through a sequence of migratory cause and effect. They’ve just been traveling the world for so long that they’ve forgotten where they’re from.

I call this the Community Delusion and it is a recurring theme across the world. In fact, if you examine the religious myth of each great city that has ever come to be, you will find that their causality myths all have the same theme. It only appears to be an delusion now, because we can trace the Y chromosome remains across the world linking us back to our African home.

The Monogenist Fallacy

With that said, being entrenched in the same community for thousands of years will take its toll on our capacity to trace our roots. In fact, modern people of the Negro phenotype that live in the west are only cognizant of their African heritage because of the many clear biological similarities they overwhelmingly share with the current inhabitants of the cradle of mankind.

Every other human phenotype, from Caucasians to Asians and every genetic permutation in between is suffering from the effects of the Community Delusion for the very opposite reason: They look absolutely nothing like original Africans. In fact, this blindness is what originally caused early German anthropologist Johann Friedrich Blumenbach to famously remark that:

[The] Caucasian variety …produces the most beautiful race of men, I mean the Georgian; and because all physiological reasons converge to this, that in that region, if anywhere, it seems we ought with the greatest probability to place the autochthones (birth place) of mankind.

It was Blumenbach’s research that later led German scientists of the mid 20th Century to then believe that the original race of man was White Caucasian. It created a school of thought now known as “Monogenism”, which asserts that God created man in its purest form and that as he spread throughout the world, his biology gradually dwindled in quality and aesthetic value.

If you’re black and you’re reading this, try not to let you blood boil. The early Germans had no clue whatsoever that human cells were made up of even smaller, microscopic proteins we now call DNA. They also had no idea that within groups, repeated interbreeding tends to also repeat the most common genetic markers within the group until the markers define the group.

But Black people are not exempt from the Community Delusion. When I encountered black folks in Europe and most recently in Asia, I discovered that they had the same propensity. While this is a primal function hard wired into the DNA of all animals (stick with your kind to increase the probability of survival) it has created a flawed school of thought among blacks.

The Afrocentric Fallacy

Kudos are certainly in order for the Afrocentric philosophies that strive to give black people a greater sense of self appreciation and awareness. However, I must state quite emphatically that Afrocentrism is a form of Historical Revisionism. In other words, it strives to propagate myth in the form of historical scholarship, accentuating tenets that unjustly exalt black folk.

It was through Afrocentrism that I first heard that Africa was the root of mankind. This was long before the Human Genome Project had published their findings certifying the authenticity of the Out of Africa theory. I could just imagine their overwhelming sense of vindication at the news of the Human Genome Project’s publication. Finally the white man has justified them.

However, Afrocentric ideology also suggests that black people are really the master race, were the race of the historical Jews and Egyptians and were also the authors of many of the greatest innovations of human history, that were somehow stolen by marauding Europeans.

Right.

Even though it’s obvious that Afrocentric philosophy did not account for either climate change or the vast genetic history of black Africans in their postulation, it appears that their guess about Africa being the root of humanity had less to do with scientific fact and more to do with a political agenda for elevating black people above others by virtue of their African legacy. Being black doesn’t give blacks any right to Africa anymore than being white does to Europe.

This is not unlike the Nazi’s similar attempt to place Aryan Caucasians (essentially Nordic Caucasians) as being the master race. They failed because they assumed that mankind had originated in Europe. While it’s easier to dispel Nazi propaganda, Afrocentrism requires a little more thought because they’re quite right about Africa. Therefore, I have some questions:

  • If Black people are indeed the master race, why did they give up that position?
  • If Black African tribes were superior, why did Caucasian and Asian societies evolve faster?
  • If Europeans held Africa back, why weren’t Africans advanced enough to mitigate against that?
  • How could Europeans have “stolen” ideas that Africans failed to document / implement on a social level?
  • If Black people were supposedly so advanced, why weren’t there any permanent Black African migrations from the continent until after the European invasion?
  • Why is there no history of Black Africans enslaving Europeans? The only record of European enslavement by African nations was during the Arab Slave Trade along Africa’s Barbary Coast — which doesn’t count since the slavers were Arabs, not blacks.
Egyptian Races

Image from tomb of Seti I, taken from a book written by Minutoli in 1820.

  • Why do the ancient wall painted reliefs in Egypt show a mixed race of people (see image above)? Did the Europeans repaint them?
  • Isn’t suggesting that Europeans took away African privilege, also implicitly saying something even more profound about how black people perceive themselves?
  • Even if one could wipe out Caucasians, wouldn’t the presumption that black people are the master race mean that white people would re-emerge after several thousand years just as they did several thousand years earlier? Wouldn’t that defeat the purpose of wiping them out?
  • I don’t see many black people pioneering gene therapy, designing computers, studying quantum physics, putting men in space, designing sophisticated cities or devising complex global financial systems. So wouldn’t wiping out Caucasians instantly implode much of modern civilization? Who will run the banks? Who will manage your cable TV? Who will man the data centers around the world that keep the internet clicking? Who would have invented Facebook, Google and the Automobile?
  • If Caucasians are a race of albinos, then how do we explain albinos within the Caucasian race? Better yet, where would Asian albinos fit into this model?
  • If slavery is the cause of the inhibited development of black communities, then how do we explain the slavery that existed within the African kingdoms before the Europeans got there?
  • Slavery was atrocious — I agree. Caucasians have done some bad things — I also agree. But where did we get the notion that this behaviour is in any way unique to Caucasians? How did you think China became one nation? By petitioning the other 6 kingdoms nicely? If you thought the Caucasians were bad, take a gander into Oriental history.
  • If Caucasians really wanted  to take away the credit from Black People, why does Afrocentric philosophy seem to suggest that they were mostly successful with black people and not with any other race? Doesn’t that strike you as a bit presumptuous?

The first people who shared Afrocentric philosophies with me were actually highly educated Jamaican Rastafarians with Ph.D.s. The more they spoke, the more ludicrous their claims got. Apparently they were inspired by the writings of an early black philosopher, named Marcus Garvey (who is incidentally, considered one of Jamaica’s national heroes). But alas, I digress.

Apparently being educated doesn’t really change your attitude — especially when your Ph.D. is from a black university in New Orleans. More importantly, Afrocentrism is just as inherently flawed as White Supremacy. They are both extreme forms of the Community Delusion, where its instigators have lost track of the fact that we are all Africans modified by our environment.

That is why racism in either direction is inherently stupid. It is the greatest form of implicit self hatred that exists. It is bad enough that white people would not ever forgive themselves for slavery (hence their development of the Politically Correct ideologies) and black people won’t let them forget it. Neither philosophies can possibly get us anywhere as a single human race.

Conclusively

So again, consider the Barreleye fish. If nature can make something as innocuous as a Goldfish for example, but is equally capable of creating another genetic permutation of fish that could survive in such extreme environments, then how much more could man have evolved in equally spectacular fashion as he slowly migrated across the continents over time?

Do you realize the sheer implications of this?

Consider that there were many other species of man. Of the lot, we were the only ones that had survived — all of us that is; including Negros, Caucasians, Asians and every permutation that lies in between. The human phenotypes that exist today are merely a tiny subset of the total genetic capacity of our DNA, by virtue of the fact that older human species once existed.

Consider how many species of fish there are in the ocean. If human beings had a playing field the size of the ocean relative to the size of fish, then one’s imagination can run wild with what other permutations of human are possible. It makes you wonder if the premise behind Stan Lee’s X-Men is really the stuff of fiction, as we are only limited by the size of our playing field!

That’s why when I use words like Caucasian, Asian, Dravidian, Amerindian, Inuit, Negro or any of the other derivatives, I can’t help but feel like I am trapped by the limitations of the historical fallacies inextricably woven into my mother tongue. I use these words only to make the many references that we would otherwise not have to the sheer richness of our diversity.

With that said, the point that deserves reiteration is that we are not Caucasians, Asians, Dravidians, Amerindians, Inuit, Negro or of any of  the other names we’ve invented. There’s no point in describing a person as being of African descent — that’s describing the entire human race. Saying that white folk are of European descent or that a Korean or Japanese national is of Asian descent fails for the same reason. Such is the vacuous nature of our folly.

No matter how weird a deep ocean fish may look, you will always know that it is a fish — even if it has a transparent head. Similarly, we always know that we are looking at people, even if their faces are painted, they walk around naked and live in the middle of the Amazon jungle. It’s the same DNA. In roughly 600 years, it won’t matter when we all look more or less alike.

That’s why I believe that we humans at our current level of intellectual maturity are still a little primitive. We are still easily distracted by tiny insignificant things like the colour of our many biological extremities, the differences between our cultures and the function of our languages. Before we can become a space faring race, we first have to learn how to become one race.

Interestingly enough, it was a black man, Dr. Martin Luther King, who once said:

An individual has not started living until he can rise above the narrow confines of his individualistic concerns to the broader concerns of all humanity.

For without such a level of enlightenment, we will never be able to truly appreciate the true  spectral capacity of nature’s kaleidoscope and thereby the beautiful mosaic that is mankind.


E-mail: accordingtoxen[at]gmail[dot]com

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  1. Yen’Owaziyo
    February 8, 2011 at 7:34 pm | #1

    Hi Xen, I’m a South African and just came across your post.

    The excerpt in the header where you state that (and I paraphrase) “we are all Africans” and one of the last paragraphs that tie in with it (about using all these identifiers like Eurasian etc) doesn’t sit well with me. Not denying it’s logic, just pointing out that while it makes sense, it just isn’t true, purely because the land mass that makes up that continent wasn’t called Africa while “we” were all here, that came around some time after Latin was invented and a whole bunch of history happened.

    Before you say anything, consider that California was once part of Mexico, yet the claim that that all California’s who are descendants of those original inhabitants are Mexican, would at the very least bug some people. One can also go a little further down this line; with Arizona, Texas, etc heck even pull Spain into the argument, as a technicality. I could also use Zimbabwe and Rhodesia but that would likely cause all kinds of problems I was taught to avoid in academic discourse. Not that my self referencing and unconventional sentence structure isn’t already causing some — But I’ve got a feeling you can keep up.

    Anyway my particular people of Southern Africa didn’t call the whole continent anything and what they did call that part they ruled over has been lost to history, or is hidden in some tomes not accessible on the net and likely written by the victors… Point is you’re using a specious argument in tackling this weird social issue.

    Anyway that’s only one of the things I’d like to tackle (from a Continental African’s perspective) about your post, which is otherwise pretty well written and for the most part researched but it’s late and I’d like to compose a more coherent argument than the late hour allows.

    My reply will include parts of an essay I wrote on the particularly Continental African version of the “We Are All African” issue, I look forward to a non South African’s (who identifies him/herself as a Black. Here I’m inferring, as I can’t recall you stating so in either the main text or you discourse with LoStranger) view.

    Will you indulge me?

    • February 12, 2011 at 11:14 am | #2

      Hello Yen’Owaziyo,

      This is an EXCELLENT comment (and well written, considering the state of mind you wrote it in. :D )

      Yen’Owaziyo:

      The excerpt in the header…just isn’t true, purely because the land mass that makes up that continent wasn’t called Africa while “we” were all here.

      You do raise an excellent point, however, you do realize the fallacy intrinsic to raising that point, right? There are two fundamental problems with that critique.

      Problem #1: The Origin of Man

      While Africa was once a part of a super continent known as Pangea, it is quite well understood that the name “Africa” in this context, serves as little more than a pseudonym for the origin of all man. Therefore while it wasn’t called Africa while we were all there, we know the continent to which we refer by the name. Thus while the name is contemporary, the underlying reference doesn’t lose its meaning.

      Yen’Owaziyo:

      I could also use Zimbabwe and Rhodesia but that would likely cause all kinds of problems I was taught to avoid in academic discourse. Not that my self referencing and unconventional sentence structure isn’t already causing some — But I’ve got a feeling you can keep up.

      LOL – I can. :D

      Yen’Owaziyo:

      Anyway my particular people of Southern Africa didn’t call the whole continent anything…

      I’m aware. I believe that was of European doing. They like to have their whole epistemology thoroughly classified in well defined taxonomies. I believe they named the continent from the Afri people who lived near the horn of Africa.

      Yen’Owaziyo:

      Point is you’re using a specious argument in tackling this weird social issue.

      Ah, but my friend, that is debatable at best. That brings us to:

      Problem #2: The Context of Language

      For by the same logic, I could say that your point, while technically sound, is contextually vacuous, for it doesn’t change the point of our origin. Furthermore, if the point of our origin didn’t have a name by its most recent indigenous people (and I say “most recent” in reference to the last 5,000 years), then whoever successfully canonized it for modern taxonomic records, gets to have that word used with ubiquity in perpetuity.

      I’ll give you an example of a similar fallacy:

      When I first learned to speak and read Chinese, I quickly learned that the Chinese word for China (Pronounced: Gong-Shua) actually directly translates to English as “Main Land”. The word “China” doesn’t exist in either flavour of Chinese (i.e. Cantonese or Mandarin).

      I also speak Japanese. I learned that the word “Japan” in Japanese (‘Nihon’) does not translate to Japan at all.

      I also speak German. I learned that the word “Germany” in German (‘Deutshland’) does not translate to “Germany” at all. It literally means “Father Land” from an old version of Saxxon.

      …I could go on, but I think you see my point.

      I’m pretty sure that if you examine the equivalent of the proper names of the countries from which they originated, you will find that the locals don’t use a translation of what their country name is in English. The same thing applies to Africa.

      Therefore, while you do raise a valid technical point, I fear that your point doesn’t change the facts and serves more for semantic eroticism, if I could phrase it as such, that for invalidating the fact that we’re all still Africans.

      As an African national, I hope you don’t take offense to my use of the word “Africans” in this context. No offense was meant. It is merely a poetic way of saying that “We all come from the same place”.

      Yen’Owaziyo:

      My reply will include parts of an essay I wrote on the particularly Continental African version of the “We Are All African” issue, I look forward to a non South African’s who identifies him/herself as a Black.

      Oh that sounds intriguing! :D

      Yen’Owaziyo:

      Will you indulge me?

      Are you kidding me? GOD yes! It may be more suitable however to e-mail it to me or if you prefer, I could post it here and credit you with it. Let me know what you prefer.

      Cheers,
      Xen

  2. February 7, 2011 at 8:04 pm | #3

    LoStranger,

    I’ve modified your post so that it includes the quotes. ;)

    On to the debate:

    LoStranger:

    Yes I admit things between Blacks and Whites have improved but the ending of Racism is still wishful thinking because it is natural for Humans to still prefer their own race.

    Let us not be narrow minded. If things are getting better, then there will come a point where this particular issue will cease to exist. As we continue to travel throughout the world and intermingle, race will become a biological obsession of the past. 150 years ago, black people would never have envisioned that they’d have the ability to vote, let alone be free of white masters. Today, there’s a black US president. Do you not see that to suggest otherwise is tragically narrow minded?

    LoStranger:

    You’re not solving any problems either. Especially by sucking up to Asians and Whites (that what it seems like to me)

    Listen, don’t be ignorant. You only debase the entire black race by thinking like that. That’s identical to saying that Martin Luther King was a kiss ass. King died so that you could enjoy the type of freedom you do today — and you would dare to consider such philosophy as “sucking up”? You can continue rewarding hate with hate and see how far that gets you.

    LoStranger:

    The only people that can help us Blacks are Blacks.

    RUBBISH! Your government is based on philosophies invented by white people. You got your education based on a system invented by white people. You speak a language derived by white people. You’re using technology invented by white people. This internet that is facilitating this discussion was invented by white people. Your iPod, your TV, your Radio, your motor car (if you have one), the genetically engineered food you buy from the Supermarket, Supermarkets, Banks, financial systems, science, health care — all mostly inspired by white people.

    If you are indeed black, then if it wasn’t for white people, you’d still be in middle Africa (where most slaves came from), amidst the genocides, the yellow fever, the malaria, the many civil wars that have erupted (and are still ongoing in some places), the poverty, the famine and disease, the economic stagnation, the cruel heartless political despots, the dictators, the human trafficking, and a load of other dystopian realities that you now take for granted, because you are living in a first world country run by white people.

    Some white folks would call you an ingrate — and they would be right!

    You’d have to have migrated to far northern or southern African states to get a better quality of life — states that were established by white people. You’d have to be a fool of Biblical proportions to think that we can do without any other human phenotype just because of their phenotype. But I don’t think you’re a fool. I think you’re trapped in an ancient form of ignorance that needs to be broken.

    LoStranger:

    I’m sick of integration, I’m tired of seeing and hearing about Black student after black student be rejected at top Universities. I’m sick of seeing black person after black person be turned down for jobs. I’m sick of black people being given inferior health care. I’m sick of seeing black people be harrased by white cops. I’m sick of blacks being given more harsher prison sentences.

    …and yet, a Black Man traveled from Kenya to Hawaii, had a child with a white woman, who never went to prison, was probably never harassed by cops, who went to a top University, who now has the top job in the world. The mere fact that Barack Obama exists, automatically invalidates the angst of your frustrations. You can continue to give yourself nonsense excuses for why “black people cannot succeed“, or you can ignore the B.S. and strive for what you want, despite being black.

    White people are not going to feel sorry for you because you fail to see that some black people are just plain ignorant. This is a contributing factor to why they got snubbed for top jobs, got harassed by cops, got rejected from top universities and all the other injustices in the world. Why do you think that as soon as black people make it in life that they move out of their black neighbourhoods? Do you think it’s because their gang-bangin’ black friends were going to help them out?

    Think about it.

    LoStranger:

    My issue is with anybody who is non black especially Asians and Whites just to clear things up I don’t trust them.

    If you assume that all non blacks are racist, then OF COURSE all non blacks will continue to treat you as the ignorant black person they wrongfully prejudged you to be. Break the stereotypes and you will engender a whole different kind of interaction. Fools seldom differ. That’s why YOU must prove yourself to be different.

    LoStranger:

    Don’t be so naive in Countries like India and Thailand skin colour is of the up most importance.

    I think you meant “utmost importance”. Forgive me. Bad grammar pisses me off (Even when I do it). :)

    I’m naive? Allow me to expose your hypocrisy:

    Have you ever heard of the Brown Paper Bag test? That’s a concept invented by BLACK PEOPLE. So you can’t act as though Black People are somehow exempt from skin colour prejudice. This whole tirade of yours is BASED on that!

    lol – you amuse me (and not in a good way).

    LoStranger:

    The farier people are seen as more valuable human beings.

    That’s human nature. You are only hyper aware of it because you are black. I dare you to elevate your thinking.

    LoStranger:

    So where do you think that puts Blacks in their sphere of thought?

    I know enough black people who are loved by white people to make your insinuations nothing short of utter nonsense. Don’t be that black man who is ashamed of the colour of his skin. Only then will you find white people to love you.

    People love people who love themselves. You probably haven’t met any loving white people because they all saw you as a self hating black person who is frustrated about being born black. No one likes a person who likes to play the victim — irrespective of their skin colour.

    You irrationally make all of the world’s problems about the colour of your skin and the colour of the people who you think did it. That’s why white people treat you the way they do — it’s not because you’re black. It’s because you’re ignorant. Most white people aren’t instinctively racist. You just assume that they are and so they fulfill your expectations. You’ve never given them a chance to prove you wrong.

    I’m not saying that I haven’t been a victim of racism. I’m saying that such occurrences are relatively rare and therefore don’t rationally justify being equally racist. Therefore you, and all other black people with your mentality are overreacting. For even if there isn’t enough evidence to support your claim, you’d still find a way to blame white people for your problems.

    I bet most of the people voting for White America in the current poll are black. You voted White America, didn’t you?

    LoStranger:

    You’re so intelligent yet you continue to give excuses for the people who call us sub-human including their Asian sidekicks.

    No, no, no; You don’t get to call me a “suck up” and then “intelligent” in the same breath, for I somehow doubt you have the ability to tell the difference. You misquote me no less than twice (because of your preconceived agenda), then subsequently accuse me of pandering to the enemies you’ve invented for yourself based on a minority case experience, then accuse me of being naive and now you want me to believe that you actually think that I’m intelligent?

    Really? Wow, dude.

    Look man, the only reason why I tolerated your comment is to school you in the ways of your folly. But I still want to believe that there is a greater level of intelligence lurking somewhere inside your head. If only you could let your bitterness subside.

    You’re only indulging in the ad hominems because you know that your argument is weak and vacuous at best. You’re only resorting to the “attack the speaker” tactic, because you want to get a rise out of me to validate your unfounded presuppositions.

    Dude, I’m not buying it.

    We’re both in the same boat and I can’t say that I’m experiencing the same storm you are. I have enough white friends to know that you are DEAD WRONG. While some of them have their own prejudices, so do I. Emancipate yourself from your mental slavery. No one has a shackle over your hands, man. So only you can free your mind. If that doesn’t convince you, then know this:

    For every Martin Luther King, there is a Malcolm X. Both of them died — but only one of their legacies persist as a ubiquitous cultural phenomenon that changed the future forever for men of all races, creeds, religions and cultures. Let that soak into your head for a while.

    Cheers,
    Xen

  3. LoStranger
    February 4, 2011 at 12:08 pm | #4

    I don’t know how to quote on this properly so bare with me

    Xenocrates:

    I would continue, but I think you see a trend here.
    I meet lots of black folks like you all the time. You quickly forget your history and that people are actually getting better. You can’t deny it. The trend is all over our history. Despite the primitive inclinations that still exist, what you need to understand is that all of these inclinations are only propagated by social forces – and most importantly, that IT IS GETTING BETTER.

    Yes I admit things between Blacks and Whites have improved but the ending of Racism is still wishful thinking because it is natural for Humans to still prefer their own race. Things are getting better and though I don’t really trust any white or asian people on a large scale things have improved I won’t lie.

    Xenocrates:

    While preference tends to be biological, hatred is a learned impulse. That applies to both white and black people alike. Your hatred will only beget hatred. You’re not solving a problem by being hateful. You’re only propagating it.

    You’re not solving any problems either. Especially by sucking up to Asians and Whites (that what it seems like to me) The only people that can help us Blacks are Blacks. I’m sick of integration, I’m tired of seeing and hearing about Black student after black student be rejected at top Universities. I’m sick of seeing black person after black person be turned down for jobs. I’m sick of black people being given inferior health care. I’m sick of seeing black people be harrased by white cops. I’m sick of blacks being given more harsher prison sentences.

    Xenocrates:

    That’s not what I said. What I said that: People like pretty people even when they’re rotten. Go back and read it.

    The mere fact that you misquoted me means that your attitude towards white folks is coloured by some kind of hate or prejudice. Once you’re prejudiced in that way, it automatically invalidates the objectivity of your opinion — unless objectivity is not what you intended.

    Apologies I did misquote you. My issue is with anybody who is non black especially Asians and Whites just to clear things up I don’t trust them.

    Xenocrates:

    The educated folk in China are nothing like that. It’s the poorer, older, less educated folk who are still so blind. You seem to have missed that part in the post. This is not a China specific issue. You will find that this phenomenon is recurrent in any country.

    I agree which is why I said “and China isn’t the only place where this happens”

    Xenocrates:

    You’re misquoting me again. I NEVER once said that it’s natural for whites and asians to hate blacks. I said that people are naturally inclined to others of a fairer complexion. This means that even black people treat other black people who are fairer with a greater degree of preference. The mere fact that you’ve worded your comment in that way shows that you have a deep hatred for non blacks.

    Don’t be so naive in Countries like India and Thailand skin colour is of the up most importance. The farier people are seen as more valuable human beings. So where do you think that puts Blacks in their sphere of thought? Theres a reason why Asian actresses are always fair skinned depite their acting ability.

    Xenocrates:

    Then you’re a racist. I’m a very disappointed that you’d be so narrow minded. Did you come to this blog because you’re searching for justification for your hatred? If so, I think I need to address this issue once and for all.

    I’m equally disappointed with you. You’re so intelligent yet you continue to give excuses for the people who call us sub-human including their Asian sidekicks.

  4. February 4, 2011 at 5:39 am | #5

    LoStranger,

    LoStranger:

    The ending of racism especially against Blacks seems like wishful thinking.

    That’s hardly a fair statement. Consider our history:

    At one point, white people thought that black people didn’t have souls, thereby justifying slavery. It wasn’t long afterwards that slavery was abolished — by white people.

    When that ended, people still thought that black people were incapable of forming their own cohesive societies and were still considered second class citizens by law. They couldn’t vote, and could not use white designated facilities or marry a white person. After JFK was assassinated, those laws were repealed — by white people.

    Even after the Civil Rights laws were implemented, white people still thought that black people were not cognitively capable of matching whites in art, science or politics.

    Then came Sidney Poitier (and many others). Then came George Washington Carver (and several others). Then came Barack Obama — who defeated a white man during elections, to become the president of the most powerful white country on earth, voted in by a large majority of… you guessed it — white people.

    …I would continue, but I think you see a trend here.

    I meet lots of black folks like you all the time. You quickly forget your history and that people are actually getting better. You can’t deny it. The trend is all over our history. Despite the primitive inclinations that still exist, what you need to understand is that all of these inclinations are only propagated by social forces – and most importantly, that IT IS GETTING BETTER.

    LoStranger:

    That also means those same individuals are going to be negatively inclined towards individuals of a dark complexion (Blacks and other dark skinned people)

    While preference tends to be biological, hatred is a learned impulse. That applies to both white and black people alike. Your hatred will only beget hatred. You’re not solving a problem by being hateful. You’re only propagating it.

    LoStranger:

    I found it interesting when you stated that fair skinned people are treated with more respect even if they’re rotten.

    That’s not what I said. What I said that: People like pretty people even when they’re rotten. Go back and read it.

    The mere fact that you misquoted me means that your attitude towards white folks is coloured by some kind of hate or prejudice. Once you’re prejudiced in that way, it automatically invalidates the objectivity of your opinion — unless objectivity is not what you intended.

    LoStranger:

    Yet look how the Chinese treat Negroes, I’ve heard many stories of how Blacks are treated over there including your own post about your experiences in China. I guess it reallys validates that point doesn’t it and China isn’t the only place where this happens.

    The educated folk in China are nothing like that. It’s the poorer, older, less educated folk who are still so blind. You seem to have missed that part in the post. This is not a China specific issue. You will find that this phenomenon is recurrent in any country.

    LoStranger:

    Why should ANY Black person trust Asians or Whites on a large scale when it’s NATURAL for them to hate us and other dark skinned people (according to you)

    You’re misquoting me again. I NEVER once said that it’s natural for whites and asians to hate blacks. I said that people are naturally inclined to others of a fairer complexion. This means that even black people treat other black people who are fairer with a greater degree of preference. The mere fact that you’ve worded your comment in that way shows that you have a deep hatred for non blacks.

    By alienating an entire phenotype because of the miscarriage of attitude by a subset of that phenotype, you’re doing no differently from the racists who held black folks in a social vice for nearly 200 years. With that kind of attitude, you’re not becoming a part of the solution. You’re only serving to propagate a problem that is already in recession.

    LoStranger:

    The fact we’re all “African” is really irrelevant. What is relevant however is that we have different skin colour and that what really counts.

    Then you’re a racist. I’m a very disappointed that you’d be so narrow minded. Did you come to this blog because you’re searching for justification for your hatred? If so, I think I need to address this issue once and for all.

    Xen

  5. LoStranger
    February 1, 2011 at 3:23 pm | #6

    The ending of racism especially against Blacks seems like wishful thinking. As I stated in an earlier post you said in your why life is not fair post “Human beings appear to have a natural instinct to be positively inclined towards individuals of a fair complexion”

    That also means those same individuals are going to be negatively inclined towards individuals of a dark complexion (Blacks and other dark skinned people)

    I found it interesting when you stated that fair skinned people are treated with more respect even if they’re rotten. It was the British (Whites) that invaded China not Negroes. Yet look how the Chinese treat Negroes, I’ve heard many stories of how Blacks are treated over there including your own post about your experiences in China. I guess it reallys validates that point doesn’t it and China isn’t the only place where this happens.

    Why should ANY Black person trust Asians or Whites on a large scale when it’s NATURAL for them to hate us and other dark skinned people (according to you)

    The fact we’re all “African” is really irrelevant. What is relevant however is that we have different skin colour and that what really counts.

    • Xera
      January 6, 2012 at 8:18 pm | #7

      LoStranger

      And have you heard about how Indians, Middle Easterners & Whites treat Asian looking people in the U.S & elsewhere? They are not perceived or treated so good

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